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保温材料的这几种类型你知道吗?
来源: 日期:2018-09-05 发布人:admin

保温板、挤塑板、EPS、XPS、聚氨酯板、酚醛板分别是什么,用处是什么,你知道吗?

What are insulation board, extrusion board, EPS, XPS, polyurethane board, phenolic board, and what are their uses, do you know?

保温板(包括挤塑板、聚氨酯板、酚醛板、玻璃棉板、岩棉板等)

Insulation board (including extruded plate, polyurethane board, phenolic board, glass wool board, rock wool board, etc.)

保温板说的通俗易懂就是给楼房保温用的板子。包括挤塑板、聚氨酯板等由保温材料做成的板子。

The insulation board is easy to understand, which is the board for building insulation. It includes extruded panels, polyurethane boards, and other boards made of thermal insulation materials.

聚苯乙烯(Polystyrene,缩写PS)

Polystyrene (Polystyrene, abbreviated PS)

PS由苯乙烯单体经自由基加聚反应合成的聚合物。它是一种无色透明的热塑性塑料,具有高于100℃的玻璃转化温度,因此经常被用来制作各种需要承受开水的温度的一次性容器,以及一次性泡沫饭盒、建筑保温材料等。

PS is a polymer synthesized by radical polymerization of styrene monomer. It is a colorless transparent thermoplastic with a glass transition temperature higher than 100 C, so it is often used to make disposable containers which need to withstand boiling water temperature, as well as disposable foam lunch boxes, building insulation materials and so on.

A级防火保温材料

EPS(又名泡沫板 、聚苯乙烯泡沫板、苯板、聚苯板)

EPS (also known as foam board, polystyrene foam board, benzene board, polystyrene board)

EPS板是由含有挥发性液体发泡剂的可发性聚苯乙烯珠粒,经加热预发后在模具中加热成型的白色物体,其有微细闭孔的结构特点。买电脑时用做包装的那种白色泡沫就是EPS。

EPS board is a kind of white object which is made of EPS beads containing volatile liquid foaming agent and heated and pre-developed in the mold. It has the characteristics of micro-closed hole structure. The white foam used for packaging is EPS.

XPS(又名挤塑聚苯板、挤塑板)

XPS (also known as extruded polystyrene board, extruded panel)

挤塑聚苯板的全称是挤塑聚苯乙烯泡沫板,简称挤塑板,又名XPS板,挤塑聚苯板。它是以聚苯乙烯树脂为原料加上其他的原辅料与聚含物,通过加热混合同时注入催化剂,然后挤塑压出成型而制造的硬质泡沫塑料板.它的学名为绝热用挤塑聚苯乙烯泡沫塑料(简称XPS),XPS具有完美的闭孔蜂窝结构,这种结构让XPS板有极低的吸水性(几乎不吸水)、低热导系数、高抗压性、抗老化性(正常使用几乎无老化分解现象),是地暖保温层专用材料。图为绿羽环保挤塑板。

The full name of extruded polystyrene board is extruded polystyrene foam board, referred to as extruded board, also known as XPS board, extruded polystyrene board. It is a rigid foam plastic sheet made from polystyrene resin with other raw materials, excipients and polymers by heating, mixing and injecting catalysts at the same time, then extruding and pressing. Its scientific name is extruded polystyrene foam plastic for insulation (XPS), XPS has a perfect closed-cell honeycomb structure, this structure makes XPS sheet. Very low water absorption (almost no water absorption), low thermal conductivity, high compression resistance, anti-aging (normal use almost no aging decomposition phenomenon), is a special material for geothermal insulation layer. The picture shows the green feather environmental protection Extrusion board.

小知识:聚苯乙烯泡沫塑料分为膨胀性EPS和连续性挤出型XPS两种,与EPS板材相比,XPS板是第三代硬质发泡保温材料,从工艺上它克服EPS板繁杂的生产工艺,具有EPS板无法替代的优越性能。

Little knowledge: Polystyrene foam plastic is divided into two kinds: expansive EPS and continuous extrusion XPS. Compared with EPS sheet, XPS sheet is the third generation of rigid foam insulation material. It overcomes the complicated production process of EPS sheet and has the superior performance that EPS sheet can not replace.

聚氨酯板(polyurethane,简称PU或PUR)

Polyurethane board (polyurethane, PU or PUR)

聚氨酯为大分子链中含有氨酯型重复结构单元的一类聚合物,全称为聚氨基酸酯。PU是由多异氰酸酯与聚醚型或聚酯型多元醇在一定比例下反映的产物。聚氨酯板是指完全由PU制成,或是由PU 和彩钢板复合形成的聚氨酯夹芯板,主要用于工业、民用建筑外保温系统。

Polyurethane is a kind of polymer containing urethane-type repetitive unit in macromolecular chain, which is called polyamino acid ester. PU is a product of polyisocyanate and polyether or polyester polyols in a certain proportion. Polyurethane board is a kind of polyurethane sandwich board made entirely of PU or made of PU and color steel plate. It is mainly used in the external insulation system of industrial and civil buildings.

酚醛板(Phenolic Foam Board)

Phenolic plate (Phenolic Foam Board)

酚醛板由酚醛泡沫材料制成,酚醛泡沫材料属高分子有机硬质铝箔泡沫产品,是由热固性酚醛树脂发泡而成。酚醛保温板在发达国家被广泛应用。

Phenolic board is made of phenolic foam material. Phenolic foam material belongs to high molecular organic rigid aluminum foil foam product. It is foamed by thermosetting phenolic resin. Phenolic insulation boards are widely used in developed countries.


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